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What Is Pediatric Ambulatory Care?

what is pediatric ambulatory care

What Is Pediatric Ambulatory Care?

Pediatric ambulatory care includes children’s treatment and preventative care of acute and chronic health problems, such as minor surgical and medical procedures, the majority of dental treatments, dermatological services, and a variety of diagnostic procedures (e.g., blood tests, X-rays, endoscopy and biopsy procedures of superficial organs). Emergency visits, rehabilitation visits, and, in certain instances, telephone consultations are all examples of ambulatory care services. Nurses offer holistic care to children by combining their nursing services with the concerns of caregivers. Nurses work with other healthcare team members to detect and treat common pediatric health issues that arise in ambulatory care settings. Pediatric ambulatory care, also known as outpatient care, refers to medical services outside of the hospital, such as diagnosis, observation, consultation, treatment, intervention, and rehabilitation. Even when delivered outside of hospitals, pediatric ambulatory care may involve sophisticated medical technologies and procedures. Pediatric mobile care services in most nations, particularly in most developing countries, contribute to rising hospital costs and poor healthcare system performance.

Where is Pediatric ambulatory care delivered?

Pediatric ambulatory care is delivered on the following sites:

i. Doctor’s offices 

This is the most common site for delivering pediatric ambulatory care in many countries and usually consists of a physician’s visit. Physicians of many specialties provide ambulatory care, including family medicine, internal medicine, obstetrics, gynecology, cardiology, gastroenterology, endocrinology, ophthalmology, and dermatology.

ii. Clinics

Clinics Include pediatric ambulatory care clinics, polyclinics, ambulatory surgery centers, and urgent care centers. In the United States, the Urgent Care Association of America (UCAOA) estimates that over 15,000 urgent care centers deliver urgent care services. These clinics are intended to assess and treat illnesses that aren’t severe enough to need care in a hospital emergency room yet necessitate treatment outside of regular medical office hours or before a physician appointment is available. In Russia and other countries of the former Soviet Union, Feldsher health stations are the leading site for pediatric ambulatory care in rural areas.

iii. Hospitals 

Hospitals, including emergency departments and other hospital-based services such as same-day surgery and mental health services, also provide pediatric ambulatory care with and without admission.

iv. Non-medical institution-based settings

Non-institution settings include mass childhood immunization campaigns using community health workers to provide pediatric ambulatory care.


For assessing early postoperative problems, telemedicine-based follow-up is practical and safe. Patients reported high levels of satisfaction with the procedure. Telemedicine-based follow-up could become standard practice with developing a specific mobile application while saving our money and time.

Ambulatory care sensitive conditions

Relatively common Ambulatory care-sensitive conditions depend on pediatric ambulatory care for treatment and recovery as follows:

  • Asthma
  • Angina
  • Diabetes (complications)
  • Dyslipidemia
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Hypertension
  • Chronic pain, pain management
  • Gastroenteritis
  • Gangrene
  • Ear-nose-throat (ENT) infections
  • Congestive heart failure
  • Epilepsy
  • Influenza, pneumonia, and other vaccine-preventable diseases
  • Tuberculosis
  • Iron-deficiency anemia
  • Urinary tract infections
  • Cellulitis
  • Dental conditions

A measure of access to adequate primary health care, including preventative and disease management treatments, is hospitalization for an ambulatory care-sensitive condition. While not all hospitalizations for these illnesses can be avoided, ambulatory treatment may prevent them from occurring, control an acute episode, or manage a persistent disease or condition.

Complications of Pediatric ambulatory care

The increased risk of missing outpatient visits and medical follow-ups is one possible consequence of pediatric ambulatory care. Missed appointments are frequent all around the globe, and they cost healthcare institutions a lot of money. The National Health Service, for example, is projected to lose millions of pounds each year due to missing outpatient visits. In clinics, missed appointments can cause scheduling issues.

Ambulatory pediatrics refers to non-inpatient hospital services and providing care to sick children at home or in their local environment. Health care professionals in outpatient settings provide ambulatory care. These settings include medical offices and clinics, ambulatory surgery centers, and hospital outpatient. It is another term for outpatient services. In ambulatory care settings, the patients come for treatment and are not admitted as inpatients to a hospital. They typically return home the same day, to departments, and dialysis centers.

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